Introduction to College Financial Aid

Magellan College Counseling

College financial aid is a complicated issue, and it seems like there’s almost too much information out there, making it difficult to figure out what applies to your family’s situation.  In this first of a three-part series about paying for college, college financial aid, and merit aid, we’ve curated the most accurate resources to help you understand how the process works, know where to find information, and factor financial aid into your child’s college search at the right time.

In the webinar found below, I’ll introduce you to the basic concepts that are most important in how college financial aid works.


The pdf of the presentation is here, with all links clickable:

Magellan financial aid presentation 2020

In the ~30-minute webinar, I cover these topics:

College financial aid terms

FAFSA – what is it, what does it consider, who submits it

CSS Profile – what is it, who requires it

EFC – what is it, how do I get an estimate of what ours will be (do that here, on the College Board’s EFC calculator)

How is “need” determined?

How do colleges fill that need?

Which colleges give non-need-based aid, sometimes referred to as “merit” aid, and which students receive it?

In two subsequent posts in this series, you’ll see my interview with Lynn O’Shaughnessy, a highly respected expert on college financial aid, discussing need and merit aid in great detail, and my interview about college ROI with wealth advisor Aaron Kirsch.

Here are some additional resources about financial aid:

This “Quick Guide to Financial Aid” from FastWeb gives you the terminology, so you understand what is meant by many of the terms we use to describe financial aid issues.

This post on our blog encourages you to consider colleges that give merit-based aid – because all colleges do not.  Students who don’t have top test scores and top grades can still get merit aid!  You just have to know where to look.

Here’s our “quick start” guide for financial aid if your child is a senior and you’re ready to get started!

Bottom line on financial aid – knowing how the process works is likely to reduce your stress and frustration – colleges tend to behave very similarly from year to year.  The links in the presentation posted below are live, and as you saw in the webinar, we rely heavily on information we obtain from because we trust its accuracy.

Quick Tip:  One of the most frequent questions we are asked about FAFSA is how to submit it to more than 10 colleges, because there’s only room for 10.  The answer: enter your first 10 colleges, wait until you receive your SAR, wait an additional 7 days for the colleges to download your info, then go back in, delete the original 10 and add the rest of your list.  Most states require you to list one in-state school to be considered for state aid; you can find out if that’s true for your state here.

We hope that all of these resources help you understand how college financial aid works and how it might apply to your family’s situation.

Several Magellan consultants, including Caleb FitzpatrickMelanie TasoffLesa Weber & Donna White are available for consultation and discussions.

Evelyn Jerome-Alexander is the founder of Magellan College Counseling.  She holds a Bachelor’s degree from Johns Hopkins, a Master’s degree from George Washington University, and a Certificate in College Counseling (with distinction) from UCLA.  Evelyn was asked in 2019 to serve as an instructor for UC Berkeley’s online College Admissions Advising courses and is a member of IECA (professional member), HECA and WACAC.

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